Jula, Payman and Robert C. Leachman, 2011. “A Supply Chain Optimization Model for the Allocation of Containerized Imports from Asia to the United States”,Transportation Research Part E, 47 (5), p. 609-622 (September, 2011). Port_I.pdf
Abstract: This article proposes a mixed integer non-linear programming model for the optimizing supply chains of importers of waterborne containerized goods from Asia to the USA. This model determines the least-cost strategy for an importer, in terms of ports and landside transportation modes to be used, where costs considered include costs for transportation and handling, pipeline inventory, and safety-stock. We introduce a heuristic algorithm to quickly solve the mathematical model to near optimality. We assess the proposed heuristic compared to use of a commercial solver, and provide general recommendations for efficient supply-chain strategies as a function of the value of imported goods.